Vocab of the Day (27 October 2014)


German (Deutsch): das Brot

French (Français): le pain

Spanish (Español): el pan

Italian (Italiano): il pane

Dutch (Nederlands): het brood

Czech (Čeština): chleba

Slovenian (Slovenščina): kruh

Polish (Polski): chleb

Russian (Русский): хлеб

Swedish (Svenska): bröd

Finnish (Suomi): leipä


Vocab of the Day (25 October 2014)


German (Deutsch): das Auge/die Augen

French (Français): l’œil/les yeux

Spanish (Español): el ojo/los ojos

Italian (Italiano): il occhio/gli occhi

Dutch (Nederlands): het oog/de ogen

Czech (Čeština): oko/oči

Slovenian (Slovenščina): oko/očesi (dual)/oči (plural)

Polish (Polski): oko/oczy

Russian (Русский): глаз/глаза

Swedish (Svenska): öga (indefinite), ögat (definite)/ögon (indefinite), ögonen (definite)

Finnish (Suomi): silmä/silmät

Animals 2 – (Dutch-NL)

de wolf de vos het hert de zebra
wolf fox deer zebra

de dolfijn de walrus de haai de pinguïn
dolphin walrus shark penguin

de krokodil de schildpad de krab de kwal
crocodile turtle crab jellyfish

de hamster de eekhoorn de haas de rat
hamster squirrel hare rat

de gans de vleermuis de rups de wesp
goose bat caterpillar wasp

(Jellyfish photo by William Warby.)

New Sporcle game + useful sites

Yet again, I had not intended to be absent from this blog as long as I’ve been! I have been doing most of my language work offline or working on song translations over at LyricsTranslate, so I haven’t had many structured articles to post here. I am close to allowing myself to be talked into beginning Ancient Greek in earnest by my classicist sister (I already study Latin) and into adding Romanian to my ever-increasing list of languages here–this time, at least, I convinced myself to work on what I have a bit more first!

Animals quiz online at Sporcle
Earlier today I finished the animals quiz on Sporcle for anyone to have a go at. You can find it by clicking here. It doesn’t include the last row of animals (ant, fly, bee, spider) simply because there wasn’t enough room! I’ll include them in the next animals game, to go with the lesson of Animals 2 that I’m working on for the blog.

Some useful websites
I’ve accumulated some more useful websites for language learning that I don’t think I mentioned here yet. I hope you check some of them out if you think they could be of use.

Lang-8 is a journal-entry-type website, where you can post entries in the language you’re learning, and native speakers can correct them with a sentence-by-sentence set-up that makes it easy to compare the corrections with your original text. In turn, you earn points by correcting other people’s entries in your native language. Free membership allows you to choose two foreign languages, while the pro option, while fairly expensive, gives you an unlimited number; if, like me, you have over ten languages to work on and you use the site fairly regularly, I think it’s well worth the money. It has been an absolute godsend for me. It may seem that you need to be very proficient to write entries in the foreign language you’re studying, but I’ve gone from pretty much a beginner stage to writing a little blurb in English and translating it into each of my languages without as many problems as one might expect. I think the best way to learn to write and speak in a language is to try, even if you make many mistakes; the best way to remember something is to get it wrong and be corrected, I think!

This is a Czech-language site, but the interface is simple enough that you should be able to navigate fairly easily. It is a Czech dictionary going into various languages: English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Latin, and Esperanto.

Similarly, Sanakirja.org is an online Finnish dictionary (in Finnish), showing translations to and from many different languages simultaneously.

Kaannos is very similar to Sanakirja.org, providing a Finnish-language dictionary with translation to multiple languages simultaneously.

Urbaan Sanakirja
Urbaan Sanakirja is the Finnish-language version of Urban Dictionary. The entries are in Finnish, and are very useful for finding out the meaning of slang and colloquial language.

Anglesko-slovenski slovar
This is a Slovenian-language dictionary to and from English.

This is a Russian site, providing translation to and from many languages, with examples of context.

Teen Slang
As the name suggests, this is a site with explanations of teen slang in Russian.

North American countries (Dutch-NL)

Antigua en Barbuda Bahama’s Barbados Belize
Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize

Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica
Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica

El Salvador Grenada Guatemala
Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala

Haïti Honduras Jamaica Mexico
Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico

Nicaragua Panama Saint Kitts
en Nevis
Saint Lucia
Nicaragua Panama St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia

Saint Vincent
en de Grenadines
Trinidad en Tobago Vereinigde Staten
van America
St. Vincent and
the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago United States
of America

Oceanic countries (Dutch-NL)

Australië Gefedereerde Staten
van Micronesië
Fiji Kiribati
Australia Federated States
of Micronesia
Fiji Kiribati

Marshalleilanden Nauru Nieuw-Zeeland Palau
Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau

Samoa Salomonseilanden Tonga
Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga

Tuvalu Vanuatu
Tuvalu Vanuatu

Asian countries (Dutch-NL)

Afghanistan Armenië Azerbeidzjan Bahrein
Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain

Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodja
Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia

(Volksrepubliek China)
Cyprus Georgië India
China (People’s
Republic of China)
Cyprus Georgia India

Indonesië Iran Irak Israël
Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel

Japan Jordanië Kazachstan Koeweit
Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait

Kirgizië Laos Libanon Maleisië
Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia

Maldiven Mongolië Myanmar (Birma) Nepal
Maldives Mongolia Myanmar (Burma) Nepal

Noord-Korea Oman Pakistan Palestina
North Korea Oman Pakistan Palestine

Filipijnen Qatar Saoedi-Arabië Singapore
Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore

Zuid-Korea Sri Lanka Syrië Taiwan
(Republiek China)
South Korea Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan
(Republic of China)

Tadzjikistan Thailand Oost-Timor Turkije
Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Turkey

Turkmenistan Verenigde
Arabische Emiraten
Oezbekistan Vietnam
Turkmenistan United Arab
Uzbekistan Vietnam


Introductory Phrases (Dutch-NL)

Here are some basic introductory phrases to get you started. Dutch pronouns can be “stressed” (or “marked”), or “unstressed” (or “unmarked”), which is explained in more detail in Lesson 3, which can be found here. Basically, “je” is informal and unstressed, “jij” is also informal but stressed, while “u” is formal. Also note that when using “je” or “jij”, the verb drops its final “-t” if preceding the pronoun, e.g. “jij bent”, but “ben jij”.

Hallo! Hello!
Hoe heet je?
Hoe heet jij?
Hoe heet u?
What is your name?/What are you called?
Ik heet ____. My name is _____./I am called _____.
Hoe gaat het met je?
Hoe gaat het met jou?
Hoe gaat het met u?
How are you?
Met mij gaat het (goed/slecht). I am (well/not well).
Hoe oud ben je?
Hoe oud ben jij?
Hoe oud bent u?
How old are you?
Ik ben _____ jaar oud. I am ____ years old.
Waar woon je?
Waar woon jij?
Waar woont u?
Where do you live?
Ik woon in _____. I live in ______.
Goedemorgen! Good morning!
Goededag! Good day!
Goedeavond! Good evening!
Goedenacht! Good night!
Dank je.
Dank u.
Thank you.