“To have” and “to be” are the bread and butter of a new language, and so it’s a good place to start when you’re looking at learning your first verbs. You’ll also learn the personal pronouns here, and get accustomed to the idea of writing out verbs in their conjugations, i.e. the different forms the verb takes depending on the subject of the sentence.
The infinitive of a verb is its “to” form, such as “to have”, “to play”, and is usually the form you use when talking about the verb as a concept. There are three grammatical “persons”: first, second, and third. Each of these persons has a singular form and a plural form, giving a total of six combinations. The first person contains the speaker, i.e. “I” in the singular, or “we” in the plural. The second person is the person you are addressing, i.e. “you” in the singular to one person, or to a group of people, that doesn’t include the speaker. The third person is neither the speaker nor the addressee; in the singular, it can be “he”, “she”, or “it”, and in the plural “they”. It’s a good idea to get used to the terminology, if you’re not already familiar, for personal pronouns, so when you hear “second person plural” you know exactly what it refers to – plural “you”, in this case.
First person singular
Second person singular
Third person singular
on ona ono
he she it
First person plural
Second person plural
Third person plural
oni (group of males) one (group of females)
Polish often misses out personal pronouns in the nominative case, i.e. “Jestem” (“I am) is equivalent to “Ja jestem”.
First of all, forgive me that the blog is currently still very empty! I spent much of the beginning of 2013 doing some tidying up and the technicalities of the pages you can see, setting up accounts for various things, etc., but when it came around to getting onto the actual content, my health issues meant I’ve not had much to work on the blog, and also another excuse from me is that the phonetics posts I’m working on are slower work than I had anticipated!
For that reason, I plan to begin on the lessons anyway, and just publish the phonetics posts more slowly as I complete them, so that there is actually some content in the site. Lesson 1 will comprise basic items of vocabulary for each language, such as useful phrases to give you some introduction to the language, so it will likely be quite brief. I will make a page here for lessons, where the content is split into each language, so it should be more easily navigable when there is a lot more information floating about the blog; hopefully the lessons will be released much faster after I’ve completed the coding for these navigation pages.
I hope the posts are understandable and enjoyable, and most importantly, helpful! Any suggestions and feedback welcome.