Vocab of the Day (27 October 2014)


German (Deutsch): das Brot

French (Français): le pain

Spanish (Español): el pan

Italian (Italiano): il pane

Dutch (Nederlands): het brood

Czech (Čeština): chleba

Slovenian (Slovenščina): kruh

Polish (Polski): chleb

Russian (Русский): хлеб

Swedish (Svenska): bröd

Finnish (Suomi): leipä


Vocab of the Day (25 October 2014)


German (Deutsch): das Auge/die Augen

French (Français): l’œil/les yeux

Spanish (Español): el ojo/los ojos

Italian (Italiano): il occhio/gli occhi

Dutch (Nederlands): het oog/de ogen

Czech (Čeština): oko/oči

Slovenian (Slovenščina): oko/očesi (dual)/oči (plural)

Polish (Polski): oko/oczy

Russian (Русский): глаз/глаза

Swedish (Svenska): öga (indefinite), ögat (definite)/ögon (indefinite), ögonen (definite)

Finnish (Suomi): silmä/silmät

Animals 2 – (Spanish-ES)

el lobo el zorro el ciervo la cebra
wolf fox deer zebra

el delfín la morsa el tiburón el pingüino
dolphin walrus shark penguin

el cocodrilo la tortuga el cangrejo la medusa
crocodile turtle crab jellyfish

el hámster la ardilla la liebre la rata
hamster squirrel hare rat

el ganso el murciélago la oruga la avispa
goose bat caterpillar wasp

(Jellyfish photo by William Warby.)

New Sporcle game + useful sites

Yet again, I had not intended to be absent from this blog as long as I’ve been! I have been doing most of my language work offline or working on song translations over at LyricsTranslate, so I haven’t had many structured articles to post here. I am close to allowing myself to be talked into beginning Ancient Greek in earnest by my classicist sister (I already study Latin) and into adding Romanian to my ever-increasing list of languages here–this time, at least, I convinced myself to work on what I have a bit more first!

Animals quiz online at Sporcle
Earlier today I finished the animals quiz on Sporcle for anyone to have a go at. You can find it by clicking here. It doesn’t include the last row of animals (ant, fly, bee, spider) simply because there wasn’t enough room! I’ll include them in the next animals game, to go with the lesson of Animals 2 that I’m working on for the blog.

Some useful websites
I’ve accumulated some more useful websites for language learning that I don’t think I mentioned here yet. I hope you check some of them out if you think they could be of use.

Lang-8 is a journal-entry-type website, where you can post entries in the language you’re learning, and native speakers can correct them with a sentence-by-sentence set-up that makes it easy to compare the corrections with your original text. In turn, you earn points by correcting other people’s entries in your native language. Free membership allows you to choose two foreign languages, while the pro option, while fairly expensive, gives you an unlimited number; if, like me, you have over ten languages to work on and you use the site fairly regularly, I think it’s well worth the money. It has been an absolute godsend for me. It may seem that you need to be very proficient to write entries in the foreign language you’re studying, but I’ve gone from pretty much a beginner stage to writing a little blurb in English and translating it into each of my languages without as many problems as one might expect. I think the best way to learn to write and speak in a language is to try, even if you make many mistakes; the best way to remember something is to get it wrong and be corrected, I think!

This is a Czech-language site, but the interface is simple enough that you should be able to navigate fairly easily. It is a Czech dictionary going into various languages: English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Latin, and Esperanto.

Similarly, Sanakirja.org is an online Finnish dictionary (in Finnish), showing translations to and from many different languages simultaneously.

Kaannos is very similar to Sanakirja.org, providing a Finnish-language dictionary with translation to multiple languages simultaneously.

Urbaan Sanakirja
Urbaan Sanakirja is the Finnish-language version of Urban Dictionary. The entries are in Finnish, and are very useful for finding out the meaning of slang and colloquial language.

Anglesko-slovenski slovar
This is a Slovenian-language dictionary to and from English.

This is a Russian site, providing translation to and from many languages, with examples of context.

Teen Slang
As the name suggests, this is a site with explanations of teen slang in Russian.

North American countries (Spanish-ES)

Antigua y Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belice
Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize

Canadá Costa Rica Cuba Dominica
Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica

El Salvador Granada Guatemala
Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala

Haití Honduras Jamaica México
Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico

Nicaragua Panamá San Cristóbal
y Nieves
Santa Lucía
Nicaragua Panama St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia

San Vicente
y las Granadinas
Trinidad y Tobago Estados Unidos
de América
St. Vincent and
the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago United States
of America

Oceanic countries (Spanish-ES)

Australia Estados Federados
de Micronesia
Fiyi Kiribati
Australia Federated States
of Micronesia
Fiji Kiribati

Islas Marshall Nauru Nueva Zelanda Palaos
Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau

Nueva Guinea
Samoa Islas Salomón Tonga
Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga

Tuvalu Vanuatu
Tuvalu Vanuatu

Asian countries (Spanish-ES)

Afganistán Armenia Azerbaiyán Baréin
Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain

Bangladés Bután Brunéi Camboya
Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia

China (República
Popular China)
Chipre Georgia India
China (People’s
Republic of China)
Cyprus Georgia India

Indonesia Irán Irak Israel
Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel

Japón Jordania Kazajistán Kuwait
Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait

Kirguistán Laos Líbano Malasia
Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia

Maldivas Mongolia Myanmar (Birmania) Nepal
Maldives Mongolia Myanmar (Burma) Nepal

Corea del Norte Omán Pakistán Estado de Palestina
North Korea Oman Pakistan Palestine

Filipinas Catar Arabia Saudita Singapur
Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore

Corea del Sur Sri Lanka Siria Taiwán
(República de China)
South Korea Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan
(Republic of China)

Tayikistán Tailandia Timor Oriental Turquía
Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Turkey

Turkmenistán Emiratos
Árabes Unidos
Uzbekistán Vietnam
Turkmenistan United Arab
Uzbekistan Vietnam


Introductory Phrases (Spanish-ES)

Here are some basic introductory phrases to get you started. Please note that Spanish has informal pronouns for “you” (singular “tú”, plural “vosotros” (in Spain) or “ustedes” (in Latin America)), and formal pronouns (singular “usted”, plural “ustedes”).

¡Hola! Hello!
¡Adiós! Goodbye!
¿Cómo te llamas?
¿Cómo se llama usted?
What is your name?/What are you called?
Me llamo _____. My name is _____./I am called _____.
¿Cómo estás?
¿Cómo está?
How are you?
Estoy (bien/mal). I am (well/not well).
¿Cuantos años tienes?
¿Cuantos años tiene usted?
How old are you?
Tengo ____ años I am ____ years old.
¿Dónde vives?
¿Dónde vive usted?
Where do you live?
Vivo en ______. I live in ______.
¡Buenos días! Good morning!
¡Buenos días! Good day!
¡Buenas tardes! Good evening!
¡Buenas noches! Good night!
Por favor. Please.
Gracias. Thank you.